Ronald T. Takaki (essay date 1979)
SOURCE: Takaki, Ronald T. “The ‘Heathen Chinee’ and American Technology.” In Iron Cages: Race and Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, pp. 215-40. New York: Knopf, 1979.
[In the following excerpt, Takaki discusses the manner in which literature depicting stereotypical Chinese laborers influenced American attitudes towards them.]
A surplus labouring population … forms a disposable industrial reserve army, that belongs to capital as absolutely as if the latter had bred it at its own cost. … [I]t creates, for the changing needs of the self-expansion of capital, a mass of human material always ready for exploitation. … The industrial...
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