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In Transforming Mission by David Bosch, what is Luke's understanding of Israel and the place of the Church in God's mission? Use the information found on pages 84-98.

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In "Transforming Mission" by David Bosch, pages 84-98 focus on Luke's understanding of Israel and the place of the Church in God's mission. According to Bosch, Luke sees Israel as the people of God, chosen to fulfill a specific role in the divine plan. However, Israel's failure to recognize Jesus as the Messiah leads to the inclusion of the Gentiles in God's salvific plan, thus forming the Church.

Luke emphasizes the continuity between Israel and the Church. He presents the Church as the new and true Israel, the fulfillment of God's promises to the people of Israel. This is evident in the way Luke structures his two-volume work, the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles. The Gospel of Luke focuses on Jesus' ministry, mainly in Israel, while the Acts of the Apostles documents the spread of the Church beyond Israel's borders, reaching out to the Gentiles.

Luke's understanding of the Church's role in God's mission is grounded in the concept of "witness." The Church is called to bear witness to Jesus, his life, death, and resurrection, and to continue his mission of proclaiming the kingdom of God. This witness is both verbal and non-verbal, with the Church being called to live out the values of the kingdom in its life and actions.

In Luke's view, the Church inherits the promises made to Israel and is entrusted with the task of spreading the good news to all nations. The Church's mission is not limited to the Jewish people but extends to the Gentiles as well, thus reflecting God's universal plan of salvation. The inclusion of the Gentiles in the Church is a crucial aspect of Luke's theology and is seen as a fulfillment of God's promise to Abraham that all nations would be blessed through his descendants (Genesis 12:3).

In summary, David Bosch's "Transforming Mission" presents Luke's understanding of Israel and the Church as part of God's overall mission. Israel is the chosen people of God, with the Church emerging as the new Israel, inheriting the divine promises and being called to bear witness to Jesus and his mission. The Church's role in God's mission is to reach out to both Jews and Gentiles, reflecting the universal nature of God's salvific plan.

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The generated answer is correct in its essentials, but it needs expansion to better capture all that David Bosch has to say about Israel and the Church in God's mission as presented in the Gospel of Luke. Let's look at some nuances you might include as you create your answer to this question.

First, you may want to introduce the term “salvation history.” Both Israel and the Church are “epochs,” Bosch says, of salvation history along with the “epoch of Jesus' ministry,” which falls right between them. Israel's job was to prepare for Jesus' coming and to show to the world that there is one God. Israel was a chosen people, but it was chosen not simply for itself but for all the people of the world. When Jesus came, He expanded the covenant people of God to include the Gentiles. This was always part of God's plan. The Church, the new Israel, the expanded chosen people, includes Gentiles as well as Israelites.

The missions of Israel and the Church, therefore, are related. They are both chosen and commanded to bring the truth of God to the whole world. But they operate under different covenants, old and new. The Church expands the mission of Israel as the new covenant expands the old one because of Jesus' own mission.

Look closely at the sections of chapter 3 entitled “The Jewishness of Jesus” and “Jerusalem.” There you will find a thorough discussion of Luke's views of Israel. The sections “To the Jews First, and to the Gentiles” and “The Division of Israel” also provide deeper insights. The latter speaks of the new Israel, which is the Church. “There is no break in the history of salvation,” Bosch asserts. Rather, God continues to fulfill His promises according to His plan, and Israel and the Church have both been charged with announcing those promises and their fulfillment to the world.

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