What are the key concepts of embodied cognition?

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The key concepts of embodied cognition are as follows:

Perception: A key concept in embodied cognition is the importance of understanding how perception and objective reality interact. The interplay between these factors contributes to the psychological makeup of the individual.

Physicality: Embodied cognition holds that cognition is heavily dependent upon the physical characteristics of the body. This physical reality is so powerful that it actually affects an individual's cognitive processing. In this sense, the physical experience causes the psychological experience.

Body as Constraint: A key aspect of embodied cognition is that the physical body acts as a constraint on the cognitive system. Physical differences between individuals make certain types of cognition easier for some than others, and vice versa. Extreme physical limitations often lead to extreme cognitive limitations.

Body as Regulator: Physical bodies regulate cognition to ensure that physical actions are coordinated. The Body as Regulator concept allows for real-time reactions in a constantly changing environment. This is a feedback-based cognitive process in which the body regulates its own cognition in response to external conditions.

Body as Distributor: Another key concept in embodied cognition is that the body works to distribute the cognitive workload between its neural and non-neural structures. As a result, non-neural bodily structures may be responsible for more cognitive processing than traditional belief suggests.

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Embodied Cognition is the idea that cognition is controlled by factors in the body beyond just the brain. In other words, the brain affects the body, and the body affects the brain. The central thesis of embodiment is that cognitions are dependent on the physical body and that the body plays a major role in cognition. Embodied Cognition posits that cognitions are not only controlled by internal factors. Other factors that influence our thinking include our perceptions, the motor system, and the body's interaction with the environment. The key concepts in this theory are that cognitions arise from sensorimotor perceptions and that sensorimotor perceptions are part of a larger biological and psychological context. 

Embodied cognition in part arises from the theories of the philosophies of Heidegger, Dewey, and others. Embodied Cognition is part of the fields of psychology, in which it is posited that the motor system affects the choices we make and our decision making. George Lakoff and others have explored the idea of Embodied Cognition in linguistics, and it also has connections to robotics and artificial intelligence.

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