What identified challenges are essential for human service providers to understand when working with Asian American groups? What are some effective strategies to use when working with these populations and what are some available services to provide resources? For example, if poverty affects a large portion of Asian Americans, what resources can a human services agency provide?

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Some of the challenges facing human service providers when working with Asian Americans could equally be encountered when working with any other non-white group of Americans. For example, in the United States, ethnicity is correlated strongly with socioeconomic status and health; it is statistically more likely that poverty and health inequality will afflict a non-white person than a white person. It has also been noted that non-white populations may be less inclined to accept any help that is offered to them, because of mistrust that these organizations are working in their best interests; and moreover, the areas in which ethnic minorities live are often economically deprived, resulting in a lesser provision of service, and sometimes services being of an inferior quality.

Obviously, it is important for human service providers to try and counter this mistrust from ethnic minorities by ensuring that the quality of service provided is equivalent to that received by white populations. Specific understanding and awareness of cultural factors (thinking about an individual's attitude to family, to receiving help, etc) is key to doing this. This means Asian Americans need to be considered not only as a non-white population, but in their own context. Some elements of this would include:

1. Asian Americans are not a homogeneous group. It is important for a service provider to be sensitive to this and to understand the specific origin of the family in question.

2. Stereotypes about Asian Americans are widespread in the US, such as that they are very intelligent and successful. This has meant that Asian American children struggling in school, for example, or Asian American families struggling economically are overlooked. There are fewer outreach programmes targeting Asian Americans specifically, because of the idea that this population will not need help.

3. Asian Americans have a variety of different beliefs and cultural values depending on their specific ethnicity. This might include their faith, their food preferences, but also their methods of communicating and understanding of what represents an appropriate family dynamic.

4. Asian American groups are often particularly resistant to discussing their circumstances outside of the family because of a fear of "losing face." They also often designate one person as the "spokesman" for the whole family, so it is important to encourage other members of the family to speak about their own experiences and concerns.

You can find more information in the article linked below.

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What identified challenges are essential for human service providers to understand when working with Arab American Clients? What are some effective strategies to use when working with these populations and what are some available services to provide resources? For example, if poverty affects a large portion of people with Arab Americans what resources can a human services agency provide?

The human and social service providers and agencies have just recently learned how to function and adapt in a culturally diverse environment. They often face numerous challenges when working with Arab American clients that mainly reflect the cultural, ethnical, and religious diversity, such as language barriers, cultural assumptions and stereotypes, and legal and bureaucratic barriers. There are no specific strategies and rules that the human and social service providers can follow, however, according to various researches and analyses, there are several points that need to be considered, so that the service providers can satisfy the cultural needs of their Arab American clients.

It is of utmost importance for social and human service providers to take a culturally specific and sensitive approach when working with their Arab Americans clients, and adapt their work to their values. Social workers should particularly pay attention to the various traditions, beliefs, moral systems, and cultural world views and opinions of the Arab American clients, and have an open-minded and non-judgmental attitude. They should be aware of the cultural differences, and understand that different cultures address problems and issues in different ways.

Essentially, human and social service providers should totally eliminate racism, discrimination, and social exclusion, in order to promote better cultural understanding and practice methods and strategies which are culturally sensitive for work with Arab American clients. For instance, they should take into account gender relations, the family and community values, and the meaning of faith and religion.

One such method is localization, in which human and social service providers develop a unique knowledge base for different cultures. For instance, Arab Americans have faced a lot of racism, discrimination and oppression in many different areas of life, after the tragic events that took place on 9/11. They were called names, racist remarks and derogatory terms, and employers and educators were skeptical when deciding to employ and/or cooperate with Arab Americans.

Using the method of localization, human and social service providers should document these happenings, and conduct various studies and analyses, which they can then use to promote better living conditions for the Arab Americans, and equal opportunities in the educational, socio-economic and political world. Furthermore, they can use the findings to better understand other cultures and ethnicities in the US as well, and focus on providing social and culturally sensitive environments for all minority groups that live and work in America.

You can find other methods and ways in which the human and social service providers “secure the rights for ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous people around the world”, and provide the proper care and resources for those living in poverty here.

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