What are five examples of microlinguistics?

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Microlinguistics is the study of systems of language. Here are five examples with definitions:

  • Phonetics is the discipline that examines the sounds of speech
  • Phonology is the study of how sounds are organized within a language
  • Morphology is the study of how words are formed; it focuses on the smallest units in language that can convey meaning
  • Syntax is the study of the structure of sentences and the processes involved in forming them
  • Semantics is the study of how meaning is formed by words; this can be broken down further into lexical semantics, which deals with how words (or word combinations) convey ideas or concepts, and compositional semantics, which deals with how sentence parts are combined to create meaning. Context is an important consideration of semantics.

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