In your opinion can globalization be reversed? Why or why not?

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Globalization probably cannot be reversed. The coronavirus pandemic has caused some analysts to argue that the health crisis will damage or destroy globalization. But I do not think that will happen. International relationships will probably change—like many other things will—as a result the health emergency. But globalization is likely to continue, and perhaps accelerate again, after this brief respite. The inexorable continuance of globalization is inextricably linked to technological advances.

The Internet is not going away, and the onset of the 5G network is certain. The pandemic has increased global demand for Internet technology. The closure of brick-and-mortar schools across the globe is likely to further increase demand for online education as traditional schools convert their curricula to online formats. Teleconferencing will become more pervasive—even after the end of the pandemic.

Today, no nation can truly be a Hermit Kingdom (as Korea was in the nineteenth century). In the past, it was possible to cut off or limit contact with outsiders simply by closing ports to maritime commerce and not allowing people to enter or leave. In 2020, the closest thing to a Hermit Kingdom is North Korea, but it is an extremely anomalous country. International air travel will resume, and so will normal commerce between nations.

Only an unprecedented cataclysm could reverse globalization. For example, a nuclear war would eviscerate modern technology. Only a disaster of that magnitude could stop globalization.

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