Wellingborough Redburn’s father dies, leaving his wife and children poorly provided for, although he had been a highly successful merchant and at one time a wealthy man. The young Redburn is in his middle teens, and he decides to take some of the burden off his mother by going to sea. Given an old gun and a hunting jacket by an older brother, Redburn leaves his home by the Hudson River and goes to New York to seek a berth on a ship.
A college friend of his older brother aids Redburn in finding a berth on a ship bound for Liverpool, England. Unfortunately, the friend had emphasized to the ship’s crew that Redburn comes from a good family and has wealthy relatives; consequently, Captain Riga, master of the Highlander, is able to hire the young lad for only three dollars a month. Having spent all his money and unable to get an advance on his wages, Redburn has to pawn his gun for a shirt and cap to wear aboard ship.
During his first few days out of port, Redburn believes he has made a dreadful mistake in going to sea. Redburn’s fellow sailors jeer at him as a greenhorn. He makes many silly mistakes, becomes violently seasick, and discovers that he does not even have a spoon with which to take his portion of the food from the pots and pans. His coat proves inappropriate for life at sea; it shrinks after getting wet. His fellow crewmen find the odd coat amusing and give Redburn the nickname Buttons in derisive reference to the coat’s many buttons. Most horrifying of all is the suicide of a sailor who dived over the side of the ship in a fit of delirium tremens.
As the thirty-day cruise to Liverpool from New York wears on, Redburn learns how to make himself useful and comfortable aboard the ship. When he goes aloft alone to release the topmost sails, he earns a little respect from his fellow seamen, although they never do, throughout the voyage, let him forget that he is still inexperienced and had signed on as a “boy.” Redburn finds the sea fascinating in many ways; he also finds it terrifying, as when the Highlander had passed a derelict schooner on which three corpses were still bound to the railing.
For Redburn, one of the liveliest incidents of the voyage is the discovery of a little stowaway on board the Highlander. The small boy had been on board the vessel some months before, when his father had been a sailor signed on for a trip from Liverpool to New York. The father had since died, and the boy stowed himself away in an effort to return to England. Everyone on the ship, including the usually irascible Captain Riga, takes a liking to the homesick stowaway and make much of him.
Redburn has little in common with his fellow crew members, most of whom are rough fellows many years older than he. Through them, however, he receives an education quite different from that which he had been given in school. At first he tries to talk about church and good books to them, but he soon discovers that such conversation only irritates them into more than their usual profanity and obscenity. Redburn thinks that they are not really very bad men but that they had never had the chance to be good men. Most of all, he dislikes them because they look upon anyone who cannot follow the seaman’s trade as a fool.
A long, low skyline in the distance is Redburn’s first glimpse of Ireland. He meets his first European when an Irish fisherman hails the Highlander and asks for a line. After hauling fifteen or so fathoms of the line into his boat, the Irishman cuts the line, laughs, and sails away.
When the Highlander arrives at Liverpool, Redburn decides that the English city is not a great deal different from New York. Sailors and ships are the same everywhere, with a few notable exceptions. His trips into the city, away from the waterfront, and excursions into the Lancashire countryside convince him that he, as a foreigner, is not welcome. People distrust him because of his ragged clothing, and he has no money to purchase a new outfit, even though Captain...
(The entire section is 1,218 words.)