Romanticism often focuses on elements of the supernatural, which is definitely a feature that appears in "The Raven." This seemingly prophetic bird knocks at the narrator's chamber not once—but twice. First the narrator hears a tapping at his chamber door but opens it to find only darkness. Then the tapping quickly seems to come from his window. The raven calmly "steps" in and then perches upon a bust of Pallas Athena. This bird tortures the narrator, repeating the word "Nevermore" over and over as the narrator questions him about the lost Lenore. Clearly, the raven has unearthly powers in its ability to utter human speech. In the end, the raven never leaves the narrator, eternally tormenting him with its "demon eyes."
Another quality of Romanticism is using simple and especially natural subjects. This is captured both in the narrator's tormentor (the raven, a common and rather ordinary bird) and in the themes that the poem explores of grief, love, and loss.
Romanticism also often idealizes women. In "The Raven," the narrator longs to see the beautiful Lenore one more time:
Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn,
It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore—
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore.
Lenore is "rare," "radiant," and a "saint." The narrator deeply loved this woman, and his soul longs for respite from the memories they shared. This is intensified because of Lenore's idealization in his mind.
Romantic poetry also focuses on an emotional response of the narrator. The narrator is in emotional turmoil, convinced that his soul will never again be lifted from its depths of despair.
Poe's personalization of Romanticism also made it gothic, which is also represented in the darkness conveyed by this poem.