What are some examples of Romanticism in "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe?

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Romanticism often focuses on elements of the supernatural, which is definitely a feature that appears in "The Raven." This seemingly prophetic bird knocks at the narrator's chamber not once—but twice. First the narrator hears a tapping at his chamber door but opens it to find only darkness. Then the tapping quickly seems to come from his window. The raven calmly "steps" in and then perches upon a bust of Pallas Athena. This bird tortures the narrator, repeating the word "Nevermore" over and over as the narrator questions him about the lost Lenore. Clearly, the raven has unearthly powers in its ability to utter human speech. In the end, the raven never leaves the narrator, eternally tormenting him with its "demon eyes."

Another quality of Romanticism is using simple and especially natural subjects. This is captured both in the narrator's tormentor (the raven, a common and rather ordinary bird) and in the themes that the poem explores of grief, love, and loss.

Romanticism also often idealizes women. In "The Raven," the narrator longs to see the beautiful Lenore one more time:

Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn,
It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore—
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore.
Lenore is "rare," "radiant," and a "saint." The narrator deeply loved this woman, and his soul longs for respite from the memories they shared. This is intensified because of Lenore's idealization in his mind.

Romantic poetry also focuses on an emotional response of the narrator. The narrator is in emotional turmoil, convinced that his soul will never again be lifted from its depths of despair.

Poe's personalization of Romanticism also made it gothic, which is also represented in the darkness conveyed by this poem.

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The distinctive features of Romanticism include an emphasis on the imaginative, fantastic, emotional, and spiritual in human experience with an emphasis on the self. It rejects the rational, logical, and factual aspects of existence. In the hands of Poe, it usually included Gothic, nostalgic, symbolic, and supernatural elements.

The speaker of "The Raven" is given to obsessive introspection as he muses over antique books alone in his book-filled study. The setting is late at night at the end of the year, he is alone by firelight, and the weather is cold and unsettled—all elements of the Gothic. The "bust of Pallas" symbolizes the classical era of the idealized past and his quest for knowledge and wisdom.

The speaker's desperation to know what happens after death and whether he will be reunited with "the lost Lenore" drives the poem's narrative. His emotional state is extreme; he moves from depressed to curious, to angry, and back again to depressed. He explores the spiritual, asking if there will be "balm in Gilead" and whether God has sent the bird to comfort him, but he does not find the comforting answers he seeks in the raven's one-word vocabulary: "nevermore."

It is reasonable to claim that the raven is a symbol of the narrator's grief; he concludes, at the poem's end, that it will never leave him.

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In "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe, there are many examples of romanticism. First of all, individualism as expressed by Romantics is clear as the poem is written in first person. One of the most lonely moments in life is after experiencing the loss of a loved one and this loneliness is key to unlocking extreme emotion and deep reflection as also found in romanticism. The speaker of the poem is interrupted during an intense moment of grief by a knock at the door; then later, he is interrupted by the raven who flies into his room and disturbs his personal moment. He even feels that his sublime moment is mocked when he says, "Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling." This angers the speaker, but not as much as the fact that the raven only has one confusing reply to all of his questions--"Nevermore." Another aspect of romanticism is the thought of the universe being connected to God, which is also mentioned in the ninth stanza. The clashing of universe with self is personified and symbolized by the bird entering his room. A dark black bird presenting itself at such a time when life and death are so close is disturbing for a grieving subject and drives him mad.

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