Themes and Meanings

(Survey of Dramatic Literature)

A Rat’s Mass is a play about the negative aspects of the black experience, about prejudice and hatred and rejection, about being an outsider with no hope of ever belonging, and about the failure of traditional institutions to offer any solutions to the problem. Brother Rat and Sister Rat represent the black population, Rosemary the white society that subjugates and oppresses, and the Procession of holy figures the uncaring, impersonal church, which offers neither succor nor forgiveness.

For Brother and Sister Rat, the pain of living black in a white world is realized in their adoration of Rosemary, the white child who is all that they can never be—“a descendant of the Pope and Julius Caesar and the Virgin Mary.” Rosemary is the source of their feelings of rejection (“Colored people are not Catholics, are they?”), the instigator of their sin (“Rosemary said if I loved her I would do what she said”), and the reminder of their guilt (“I will never atone you”). Clad in her white Communion dress, Rosemary is both the unattainable ideal and the avenging angel.

Themes and Meanings

(Literary Essentials: African American Literature)

The playwright uses techniques that may be described as surrealistic and also as expressionistic and absurdist. The surreal world created by A Rat’s Mass appears to emanate, much like a dream, from the subconscious. Thus, the visual images and dialogue do not seem to make sense in a rational way, and the play as a whole manages to embody contradictions that, by the time the play has concluded, have ceased to appear contradictory.

At the same time, the playwright employs expressionistic devices—that is, she depicts the main characters’ internal, rather than external, notions of reality. The rigidity of the religious procession, for example, may physically embody how Brother Rat and Sister Rat feel about the Church, and Rosemary’s appearance (the communion dress and wormy hair) indicates how the two rats perceive her: childlike, religiously pure, and yet rotting, as if dead.

The play also relies on some of the conventions of what has become known as the Theater of the Absurd. Thus, the plot seeks to explore how certain situations feel rather than to tell a story (hence the absence of a traditional plot), and the importance of language is diminished, while spectacle and nonlinguistic sound take on a larger, highly symbolic meaning. The play appears to be fragmented and illogical, progressing with irrational, seemingly circular dialogue and bizarre visual effects. The often repetitive and nonsensical speeches by Brother Rat and Sister Rat make the audience look to the sights and sounds of the play for meaning.

The symbolism of the play remains, perhaps quite deliberately, elusive. Rosemary’s insistence that people of color...

(The entire section is 684 words.)