Other literary forms

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Ramón María del Valle-Inclán (BAHL-yay-eeng-KLAHN) was a highly innovative dramatist as well as an accomplished novelist. His best-known and most influential plays include the three comedias bárbarasÁguila de blasón (pb. 1907), Divinas palabras (pb. 1920; Divine Words, 1968), and Luces de Bohemia (pb. 1924; Bohemian Lights, 1967)—and the three plays that are included in Martes de carnaval (1930; Shrove Tuesday carnival). He also published several collections of short stories, among them Femeninas (1895; feminine vignettes), Corte de amor (1903; court of love), Jardín umbrío (1914; garden of shadows), and three volumes of poetry that were collected and republished in 1930 as Claves líricas (lyrical clues).

Other work includes La lámpara maravillosa (1916; The Lamp of Marvels, 1986), an aesthetic statement written in poetic prose; translations from the Portuguese and Italian; and numerous critical essays and prologues. Many of these short pieces have been collected and republished by individual scholars, but there is not yet a complete edition of Valle-Inclán’s writing, one that would contain all of his essays, letters, and interviews, as well as the variants of the many works that were serialized in contemporary newspapers and magazines before their publication as books. The series of his collected works that Valle-Inclán initiated in 1913 (Opera omnia, 1913-1930) is not complete, nor is the two-volume edition Obras completas, which was first published posthumously in 1944. Espasa Calpe in Madrid has begun to publish critical editions of Valle-Inclán’s major plays and novels in the Cla icos Castellanos series; Bohemian Lights, The Tyrant, and La guerra carlista have appeared.