Other literary forms
For his first efforts as a writer, Raja Rao (row) wrote in Kannada, his mother tongue. From 1931 through 1933, he published three essays and a poem in Kannada in the journal Jaya Karnataka. Around that time, he also began to publish his earliest stories in English. These and others were collected and published as The Cow of the Barricades, and Other Stories in 1947. A later collection, The Policeman and the Rose (1978), includes seven stories published in the earlier volume and three new ones written chiefly during the 1960’s. In addition to novels and short stories, Rao published essays, travelogues, and biographical sketches in various journals and popular magazines, some of which were collected in The Meaning of India (1996). Rao also coedited, with Iqbal Singh, two anthologies of essays on India: Changing India (1939) and Whither India? (1948). In addition, after more than a decade of work, he completed a towering spiritual biography of Mohandas Gandhi, The Great Indian Way: A Life of Mahatma Gandhi (1998).