Abstract illustration of the houses of Clybourne Park

A Raisin in the Sun

by Lorraine Hansberry

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Karl Lindner's role and significance in A Raisin in the Sun

Summary:

Karl Lindner's role in A Raisin in the Sun is to represent the opposition to racial integration. As a representative of the Clybourne Park Improvement Association, he tries to persuade the Younger family not to move into the predominantly white neighborhood, offering them money to stay away. His character highlights the racial tensions and challenges of the time.

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What is the significance of Karl Lindner's name in A Raisin in the Sun?

Karl Lindner is the welcoming committee representative for the Claybourne Park association in A Raisin in the Sun. He is the only white person that has a speaking role in the play, and he is a stand-in for the quiet, polite racism of middle-class Chicago. Karl plays an essential role in the play because he is acting as a test for the Younger family, specifically for Walter Lee.

Lindner’s name is possibly symbolic for a few reasons. First is that Karl could be a reference to Hansberry's father, who was a real estate broker and businessman—but that doesn’t seem to fit with his character. Instead, I think Karl is a play off the pejorative term “Mister Charlie” because Karl is a nickname for Charles. This explanation for his name makes more sense because Karl Lindner is offering them a deal that is telling them they are lesser, and “Mr. Charlie” was the name used to refer to a slave owner.

Hansberry lets on to the link between the name Karl and “the man” when Walter Lee calls him “Mistuh Charlie” in act three,

WALTER: (Breathing hard) Made a call.

MAMA: To who, son?

WALTER: To The Man. (He heads for his room)

MAMA: What man, baby?

WALTER: (Stops in the door) The Man, Mama. Don’t you know who The Man is?

RUTH: Walter Lee?

WALTER: The Man. Like the guys in the streets say—The Man. Captain Boss—Mistuh Charley . . . Old Cap’n Please Mr. Bossman . . .

BENEATHA: (Suddenly) Lindner!

WALTER: That’s right! That’s good. I told him to come right over.

Walter refers to Lindner as “the man”—a term for the idea that white people run the world. Lindner is a stand-in for white society, with its money and its ability to dictate how things are run. He also clues us into what the name Karl represents when he refers to him as “Mistuh Charley”—a clear connection to the use of the term during slavery. The Youngers live in Chicago, not in the south, and the use of that inflection is a clear indication that he is connecting Lindner not just to white power, but to slavery—as "Mister Charlie" was a nickname slaves used for their masters.

Mama makes the same connection when she tells Walter that making a deal with Lindner would set their family back further than slavery because it means they are accepting that they are less than the white people. She says,

MAMA: Son—I come from five generations of people who was slaves and sharecroppers—but ain’t nobody in my family never let nobody pay ’em no money that was a way of telling us we wasn’t fit to walk the earth. We ain’t never been that poor. (Raising her eyes and looking at him) We ain’t never been that—dead inside.

The name Karl is a clear indication that despite his outward demeanor, his Faustian deal would cost them much more than their house: it would cost them their dignity and their souls. To take his deal, to accept the money, would mean that they are acknowledging their inherent worthlessness—something they didn't even have to do when they were in slavery. The clear connection to slavery and the deal Lindner offers is an indication that his name is related to the term "Mister Charlie". That seems to be the primary significance of the name Karl Lindner.

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What is the significance of Karl Lindner's name in A Raisin in the Sun?

The name "Karl" may be Hansberry's way of getting back at people like Linder, because "Carl" was the first name of Hansberry's father who also bought property in an all white area when Hansberry was a child. The traditional symbolism for Linder is the devil. His name rhymes with "cinder", what is left after something burns. In addition, what Linder is asking Walter to do is a devilish bargain. He will make it possible for Walter to get back the money he has lost if he is willing to give up his identity and self-respect. This, to many, seems very close to a Faustian bargain. Walter would be "selling his soul" for money. Of course, Walter finally decides to reject Linder's offer and, as Mama notes, that decision brings him into his "manhood".

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Why does Karl Lindner visit in A Raisin in the Sun?

Lindner comes to visit the Younger family in the attempts to dissuade them from moving into Clybourne Park.  The belief is that by presenting "the difficulties" that are inevitable in such a move, the Younger family will acquiesce and not move. At the same time, Lindner offers money to the Younger family to not move.  His purpose in the work is to represent the force of the cultural majority that might not be outwardly or demonstratively racist, but still represents views that embrace segregation and racial division.  His presence reflects the difficulties that people of color face when wanting to seek the dream of integration.  This level of inertia is presented to contrast to the galvanizing power of dreams.  In some respects, Lindner might be the embodiment of the deferral of dreams.

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Why does Mr. Linder visit the Younger's apartment in A Raisin in the Sun?

Karl Lindner comes to the Younger apartment to convince them to sell the house they've purchased in Clybourne Park.

The Younger family receives money from their father's death. Their mother uses some of it to put a down payment on a home in Clybourne Park; it's a safer neighborhood and predominately white. The Younger family is black.

When Mr. Lindner arrives, he introduces himself as a representative of the Clybourne Park Improvement Association. He says the purpose of the organization is to do upkeep and special projects. There's also a New Neighbors Orientation Committee; he says they see people who move in and let them know the way they do things in Clybourne Park. Mr. Lindner is the chairman of that committee.

He says that he believes that black people are happier living in their own communities. The Clybourne Park association wants to purchase the home they've bought from them. He assures them that it will come with a profit to the Younger family. Ultimately, they don't take the offer and they prepare to move to Clybourne Park.

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