A Raisin in the Sun Act II, Scene 2: Summary and Analysis
by Lorraine Hansberry

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Act II, Scene 2: Summary and Analysis

New Character:
Mrs. Johnson: neighbor of the Youngers, noted previously for her frugality

Summary
The scene begins on a Friday night, three weeks after the previous scene. Packing crates are all over the room. Beneatha and George Murchison are sitting on the couch, talking. He wants to kiss her, but she wants to talk about her hopes and dreams instead. He becomes too demanding, and she tells him to leave, as Mrs. Younger comes home. Beneatha tells her mother that Murchison is a fool, and her mother tells her not to waste her time with him then. Beneatha thanks her mother for understanding her this time. When Ruth enters the room, she is asked if Walter is drunk again, and Ruth answers that he is.

Mrs. Johnson, the next door neighbor, visits. Time and again, she shows a lack of tact as she talks with the Youngers about various things. It becomes apparent, however, that her main reason for the visit is to tell the family, in a cheery way, about more racist bombings.

Johnson: …I guess y’all seen the news what’s all over the colored paper this week…

Mama: No—didn’t get mine yet this week.

Johnson: (Lifting her head and blinking with the spirit of catastrophe) You mean you ain’t read ‘bout them colored people that was bombed out their place out there?

Before leaving and going back to her apartment, Mrs. Johnson has managed to consume quite a bit of food generously offered to her by the Youngers. She also makes a sarcastic remark about Walter’s drunkenness. She says about him, “He sure gets his beauty rest, don’t he?” We see that Mrs. Johnson, while perhaps meaning well, has a way of being irritating to the family in many ways.

When Mrs. Johnson leaves, Mama berates her daughter for the way she had greeted Mrs. Johnson. Beneatha disagrees with her, and asserts that in her own way, Mrs. Johnson is as detrimental to the progress of black people as is the Ku Klux Klan.

Then Mrs. Arnold, Walter’s employer, phones them, asking for Walter. Ruth tells her that he has been very sick. Walter, now awake, hears the end of the conversation, but when he is told that his job is in danger, instead of being concerned, he launches into a monologue about where he goes and what he does (mainly, drink) when he doesn’t go in to work. Although we feel his pain, we also witness a great deal of self-pity in his speech. Ruth leaves the room, unable to witness what has become of her husband. Then Walter again implies that his mother is rigid and tyrannical when she wants to do what she can to help him.

Mrs. Younger then decides to give Walter the money he wants for a liquor business telling him to take the money she has left, put some of it aside for Beneatha’s education, and use the rest of it for his business venture. Walter is joyous.

Travis comes into the room and Walter asks him what he wants to be when he grows up. When Travis answers that he wants to be a bus driver, Walter tells him that isn’t “big enough” an ambition. The scene ends as Walter promises to “hand” his son “the world,” but as we know and Travis knows, his father is very drunk.

Analysis
Several developments in this scene augment the themes which have been presented so far. The differences between George Murchison and Beneatha, leading to their final rift, shows how Beneatha is committed to her ideals, and, again, how most people do not really understand her perspective on life. When she tells George to leave, we get the picture of her doing whatever it will take to reach her goals and live by her ideals.

It is also a new development between them when Mama, for once, understands Beneatha’s feelings about Murchison. Beneatha is thankful that her mother understands her this time, and she expresses this gratitude to her mother.

The visit of Mrs. Johnson is significant, as well, in furthering some of the themes of the work. Although frugal in the way she lends things to the Youngers, Mrs. Johnson is happy to accept all the food the Youngers generously offer her. Although Mrs....

(The entire section is 1,139 words.)