Quintus Fabius Pictor (KWIHN-tuhs FAY-bee-uhs PIHK-tur) is called the first Roman historian. The name Pictor (“painter”) refers to a grandfather who painted the walls of a temple around 302 b.c.e. Fabius Pictor was a member of the senate who fought in the Second Punic War (218-201 b.c.e.) and went on an embassy to Delphi in 216 b.c.e. after Hannibal’s defeat of the Romans at Cannae. He wrote in Greek because that was the language of the world, but he also intended to present the Romans to the Greek world and convey Roman ideals. His history of Rome (now lost) started with stories from the founding of the city and continued up until his own time.