What is the myth behind Pygmalion?
Another myth that exists in Pygmalion, in the figurative sense, at least, is Professor Higgins belief that appearance can create a reality. That is, he is convinced that he can "make a duchess of this draggle-tailed guttersnipe," he can transform Eliza Dootlittle into a lady. Unfortunately, Higgins does not realize what another Englishman, W. Somerset Maugham did,
....men and women are not only themselves, they are also the region in which they are born, ...the games they played as children, the old wives' tales they overheard,...and the God in Whom they believe.
For, once the transformation of appearance has been made in Eliza and she can speak well and has the necessary manners for higher society, she is yet displaced. Being not clearly a part of any particular class, Eliza no longer knows who she truly is. Therefore, despite the belief of one of the characters of Dean Koontz, who declares, "Perception is reality," Eliza finds no reality in her reflection that presents her with what appears to be a lady--only myth.