What is the main conflict of Pygmalion?

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The main conflict of Pygmalion is between Eliza and Higgins.

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The tense relationship between Eliza Doolittle and Henry Higgins is the basis of Pygmalion's central conflict. Initially, this does not appear to be so: Higgins makes a bet that he can pass Eliza off as a duchess by teaching her upper-class English, and so the two have to work together to achieve this goal. However, once Higgins wins his bet, he does not acknowledge Eliza's role in the success and does not seem to consider how his games affect her.

Eliza comes to resent Higgins's treatment of her. She feels her hard work deserves to be acknowledged. She also feels Higgins is callous in not considering how her social role has been changed by the bet: she now no longer fits wholly into the lower or upper classes. Higgins is offended by Eliza's hurt reaction, calling her a "heartless guttersnipe" when she returns the ring he'd given her. He seems unable or unwilling to consider her reaction as anything other than histrionics.

The conflict resolves when Eliza chooses to leave Higgins. She decides she will marry Freddy and perhaps even teach others how to speak the way that Higgins has taught her. She has become fully independent. Ironically, Higgins likes Eliza's newfound fire and credits himself for its existence, but the ending scene strongly implies she has no interest in returning to him.

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What was Pygmalion's conflict? 

Pygmalion explores class conflict. In a class-bound society like England, a conflict raged: was social class inborn or socially constructed? In other words, were people from the lower classes genetically inferior, incapable of learning the gracious behavior of upper class people, or had they been held down and "coarsened" by their lack of economic opportunities? Were they naturally "depraved" or had they been made that way? 

Henry Higgins sets out to prove that he can pass off a lower-class Cockney flower girl, Eliza Doolittle, as an aristocratic lady by teaching her to speak proper English, instructing her in manners, and dressing her as an upper-class woman. 

Higgins succeeds, perhaps beyond his dreams, and in the process, upends popular misconceptions in 1913 about social class, showing that it is nurture (or lack thereof), not nature, that keeps people down. Upper class people are not innately superior. Higgins, however, can never quite get over his class prejudices, or his sexism, and thus can never treat Eliza fully as a human being. Shaw's play, therefore,  not only upsets the idea that the upper classes are naturally (genetically) superior but calls into the question the careless and often destructive way women and lower-class people were treated. 

Pygmalion's conflict at the end of the play that Eliza is caught between marriage, the only role she is fitted for now that she is a lady, and her own desire for independence and autonomy.

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