(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

The Prince of Tides is a long novel of twenty-seven chapters framed by a prologue and an epilogue. Strewn with autobiographical overtones, the novel recounts the life of the fictional Wingo family of Colleton, South Carolina, as seen through the eyes of narrator and protagonist Tom Wingo. Through his attempts to help a psychiatrist save Tom’s suicidal twin sister, Savannah, by telling the family story, he learns to face and accept his past and thus begins to set his own life in order.

In the prologue, Tom’s ambivalence about both his birthplace and his parents emerges in his recollection of his childhood as “part elegy, part nightmare.” He proclaims that his entire life has been dominated by the South Carolina low country tides and marshes and by his warring parents.

The novel then begins with news from Tom’s mother, Lila Wingo Newbury, that his sister Savannah, a famous poet, has tried to kill herself again and is in a psychiatric hospital in New York. Tom is struggling to survive himself, having suffered a nervous breakdown following the death of his older brother Luke. He has lost his job as a high school English teacher and football coach, and he realizes that his marriage to his college sweetheart Sallie, now a successful physician, is falling apart. Nevertheless, Tom leaves immediately for New York to help Savannah. A visit from him disturbs Savannah severely, however, and her psychiatrist, Susan Lowenstein, forbids additional contact and urges Tom instead to assist in Savannah’s recovery by telling her everything about Savannah and the Wingo family. Seemingly in no particular order, Tom begins to pour out the stories of his and Savannah’s past, stories that reveal a violently abusive father and a mother obsessed with social position and appearances. Tom does have happy memories of hours the three children spent with their father on his shrimp boat and of magical moments when their mother took them out to see the sun set and the moon rise almost simultaneously. Most of the stories, however, focus on an almost implausible series of events that Tom justifies by maintaining that “extraordinary things” happened to the Wingo family.

The most traumatic event, withheld until near the end of the novel, occurs the summer after the three Wingo children are graduated from high school. Three escaped convicts force their way into the Wingo home and rape Savannah,...

(The entire section is 987 words.)