Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice may fall into several categories. Most generally, the novel falls into the category of English literature. The novel is also an example of Romantic literature, meaning it was produced during and influenced by the Romantic movement in Europe. Many people consider Pride and Prejudice to be a classic work of literature because it is so widely read and beloved as a well put-together story.
If we asked Jane Austen to categorize the book herself, she would most likely describe it as a novel of manners. This type of literature creates a narrative that focuses on social conventions and the upbringings of people of different classes, genders, religions, and cultures. Pride and Prejudice specifically focuses on the social context of the English gentry in the 19th century. Austen draws a stark contrast between the upbringing of the Bennett sisters, who are quite genial, and the aloof Mr. Darcy, who initially considers himself to be of too high status to associate with the Bennetts. Later in the novel, Mr. Darcy falls in love with Elizabeth Bennett, despite his pride in his own social standing and the prejudice he holds against Elizabeth for hers.