Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

To the inexperienced reader of Katherine Mansfield’s stories, it must seem that nothing of any significance ever happens. Plot, as one used to know it and still finds it in occasional fiction, has disappeared. The old plot line that could be charted—rising action, climax, falling action—has given way to a line that does not rise very much and then stops somewhere and remains hovering. In contrast to the traditional emphasis on what happens, Mansfield’s stories emphasize why it happens, which is an altogether different thing. In a story such as “Prelude,” details do more than set the scene; objects, characters, and incidents and their positions make a tangential point; nothing is apparent, everything is implied.

With an in medias res beginning, there is no formal introduction, no exposition, no particular setting of scene. Plunged immediately into a story, without time to accommodate to a new situation, readers are thrown into an imbalance that they must immediately work to set straight, and they have no bearings except those that the story provides.

Once in a Mansfield story, readers are moved through a series of incidents that are no more than incidents until relationships are discovered. Ordinarily, relationships are revealed through details that are charged with symbolic significance, image patterns that move to metaphoric levels, and symbolic actions. Details, properly chosen, provide the texture of an experience;...

(The entire section is 460 words.)

Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Mansfield's aim in "Prelude" and "At the Bay" was to recreate the life she knew as a child in New Zealand, Each story consists of a series of...

(The entire section is 156 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Both of these stories present events in the daily life of the Burnells, a New Zealand family that resembles the household in which Mansfield...

(The entire section is 117 words.)

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Two possible antecedents for these stories come from different periods of literature: Theocritus and T. S. Eliot. Mansfield used the XVth...

(The entire section is 209 words.)

Related Titles

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

In 1915 Mansfield began "The Aloe," which was to be a novel about New Zealand. On several occasions, Mansfield planned or began work on...

(The entire section is 94 words.)