Irving Babbitt (essay date 1924)
SOURCE: "The Types of Political Thinking," in Democracy and Leadership, 1924. Reprint by Liberty Classics, 1979, pp. 49-92.
[In the following excerpt, Babbitt contends that "naturalism" has defined the rise of modern political philosophy. He studies the leading philosophers of the period, including Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Montesquieu, in relation to how they understood the function of natural law.]
(The entire section is 15193 words.)