Po Chü–i Criticism - Essay

Kwei Chen (essay date 1953)

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

SOURCE: Kwei Chen, "Po Chu-i: People's Poet," in China Reconstructs, Vol. 4, July/August, 1953, pp. 31-5.

[In the following essay, Chen expounds on the social criticism found in Po Chu-i's poetry.]

Popular, bitter and lyrical, the poet Po Chu-i (772-846 A.D.) is no stranger to people outside China. For over a thousand years, his name has been inseparably connected with Chinese poetry, which is of course an integral element of Chinese civilization. But today Po has a fresh significance for Chinese poetry lovers and for the people of the world. The new, correct interpretation of Chinese history strengthens our appreciation of his contribution to the humanitarian...

(The entire section is 2713 words.)

Howard S. Levy (essay date 1970)

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

SOURCE: Howard S. Levy, in Translations from Po Chü-i's Collected Works, translated and described by Howard S. Levy, Paragon Book Reprint Corp., 1970, 181 p.

[In the following excerpt, Levy surveys several groups of Po Chü-i's poetry—including those of social criticism, in praise of pleasure and drinking, and lamenting aging and death—and explores their influence on Japanese literature.]

Chapter 3 The Poems of Social Criticism and Class Consciousness

… Po Chü-i had a great sympathy for the weak and the exploited, and he scorned those who oppressed the multitudes and profited at their expense. In his didactic poems, as an ally of the...

(The entire section is 53670 words.)

Benjamin E. Wallacker (essay date 1981)

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

SOURCE: Benjamin E. Wallacker, "The Poet as Jurist: Po chü-i and a Case of Conjugal Homicide," in Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1981, pp. 507-26.

[In the following essay, Wallacker examines Po Chü-i 's written opinion on the case of Yao Wen-hsiu, for which Po had to decide how severe a penalty to impose on a wife-murderer. Chinese characters have been deleted from this essay.]

Chinese criminal law has for a long time looked not only to the wrongdoer's act, but also to the state of his mind when he committed the act. Various degrees of culpability for the same act were distinguished by the Chinese according to whether the mind of the actor was...

(The entire section is 8431 words.)

Sukehiro Hirakawa (essay date 1983)

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

SOURCE: Sukehiro Hirakawa, "Chinese Culture and Japanese Identity: Traces of Po chü-i in a Peripheral County," in Tamkang Review, Vol. XV, Nos. 1-4, Autumn 1984-Summer 1985, pp. 201-19.

[In this essay, Hirakawa discusses Po Chü-i's influence on Japanese nationalism and the relationship between that nationalism and the assimilation of Chinese culture during the T'ang dynasty.]

The word "nationalism," with its various Japanese equivalents, has been associated in many Japanese minds, as well as in Western minds, with nationalistic wars which Japan fought within the time span of fiftyone years: from 1894 to 1945. Japan fought against China in 1894-95, against Russia in...

(The entire section is 7871 words.)