The Plumed Serpent Summary
by D. H. Lawrence

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The Plumed Serpent Summary

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Kate Leslie is the widow of an Irish patriot. Restless after her husband’s death, she moves to Mexico with Owen Rhys, her American cousin. Mexico, however, oppresses Kate. Dark and secretive, the arid land weighs upon her spirit like a sense of doom. She sees it as a country of poverty, brutality, and bloodshed.

Owen and one of his friends take her to a bullfight. It is a distressing experience, for to her the ritual of death is like modern Mexico, vulgar and cruel, without muster or passion. She is unable to endure the spectacle and the reek of warm blood and announces that she is returning alone to the hotel. A downpour of rain begins as she is leaving the arena, and she is forced to wait in the exit tunnel with a crowd whose speech and gestures fill her with alarm. She is rescued from her predicament by a small, authoritative man in uniform who introduces himself as General Cipriano Viedma. A Mexican Indian, he is impassive and withdrawn yet vitally alert. They talk while waiting for the automobile he had summoned to take Kate to her hotel, and she feels unaccountably drawn to him.

Mrs. Norris, the widow of a former English ambassador, invites Kate and Owen to her house for tea the next day. The general and his friend, Don Ramón Carrasco, are among the guests. Don Ramón is a landowner and a distinguished scholar. There are reports of a strange happening near his estate at Sayula. A naked man is supposed to have risen from the Lake of Sayula and tell the villagers that Quetzalcoatl and the old gods of Mexico are soon to return to Earth. Don Ramón promised an investigation. The story appeals to Kate’s Celtic imagination; she wants to go to Sayula to see the lake from which the Aztec gods are to be reborn.

Kate and Owen dine with Ramón before his return to Sayula. The guests talk about Mexican politics and the happening at the lake. One impassioned young man declares that only a great miracle, like the return of Quetzalcoatl, could save Mexico. Cipriano seldom speaks but sits, his eyes black and unfathomable, looking from Kate to his host. After dinner, he and Kate walk in the garden. In the darkness, she feels that he is a man of strange, almost primitive potency and impulses.

When Owen returns to the United States, Kate decides to go to Sayula for a time. There she finds an old Spanish house that pleases her. With the house comes a servant, Juana, and her two sons and two daughters. Kate likes the house and its surroundings, and she rents it for an indefinite stay.

The people of Sayula are restless and filled with a spirit Kate has not seen elsewhere in Mexico. One night, she hears drums beating in the village plaza. Men naked to the waist are distributing leaflets printed with a hymn to Quetzalcoatl. Later, the peons begin to dance to the savage and insistent rhythms of the drums. In the torchlight, the dance looks like a ritual out of old, almost forgotten times, a ritual people remember in their blood rather than in their minds. Some people say that Don Ramón is behind the new cult of Quetzalcoatl that is springing up.

Several weeks after Kate arrives in Sayula, Don Ramón and his wife, Doña Carlota, come to call. Doña Carlota is devoutly pious and eager to be friendly. When Kate visits Jamiltepec, Don Ramón’s hacienda, she finds soldiers guarding the gates. A drum is beating in the patio. Doña Carlota hates the sound and tells Kate that she is afraid because her husband is involved in the business of Quetzalcoatl. She confides that he wishes to become a god, the reincarnation of the Plumed Serpent that the Aztecs had worshiped. Cipriano arrives at the hacienda for supper. That night there is a dance in the patio. Don Ramón promises that the reborn gods will bring new life to the country. The rains begin, ending the hot, dry season.

Refusing to witness her husband’s heresies, as she calls them, Doña Carlota returns to Mexico City. Meanwhile, the work of the men of Quetzalcoatl continues. During one of his...

(The entire section is 1,202 words.)