Pliny the Elder Further Reading - Essay

Gaius Plinius Secundus

Further Reading

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

Caspar, Jacob William. Roman Religion as Seen in Pliny's Natural History. Chicago: University of Chicago Libraries, 1934, 40 p.

Examines Pliny's writings for references to religious conditions and customs of Rome in the first century A.D.

Chibnall, Marjorie. "Pliny's Natural History and the Middle Ages." In Empire and Aftermath, edited by T. A. Dorey, pp. 57-78. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975.

Surveys the impact of Natural History on other scientific and encyclopedic works through the Middle Ages.

Gudger, E. W. "Pliny's Historia Naturalis: The Most Popular Natural History Ever Published." Isis VI-3, No. 18 (October 1923): 269-81.

Chronicles the world-wide printing of Natural History, which Gudger calls "the greatest authority" of natural history, beginning with the first printed edition in 1469.

Isager, Jacob. Pliny on Art and Society. Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier. Routledge, 1991, 255 p.

Comments on Pliny's view of the human relationship with nature, concentrating on the themes of discovery and art.

Jones, W. H. "Ancient Documents and Contemporary Life, with Special References to the Hippocratic Corpus, Celsus, and Pliny." In Science Medicine and History: Essays on the Evolution of Scientific Thought and Medical Practice, edited by E. Ashworth Underwood, pp. 100-10. London: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Considers the insight into Roman culture offered by the medical section of Natural History.

Locher, A. "The Structure of Pliny the Elder's Natural History." In Science in the Early Roman Empire: Pliny The Elder, His Sources and Influence, pp. 20-9. Edited by Roger French and Frank Greenaway. Croom Helm, 1986.

Discusses themes and structure in Natural History, praising Pliny's selection and arrangement of facts.

Sallmann, Klaus. "Reserved for Eternal Punishment: The Elder Pliny's View of Free Germania." American Journal of Philology 108, No. I (Spring 1987): 108-28.

Analyzes the Roman involvement in Germania from the reports of Pliny, calling Pliny's judgment "sincere" and "cautious."

Zirkle, Conway. "The Death of Gaius Plinius Secundus (23-79 A.D.)." Isis 58, No. 194 (Winter 1967): 553-59.

Disputes the widely-accepted cause of Pliny's death by noxious fume inhalation, arguing that Pliny would have been too out of shape to climb Mt. Vesuvius.