Pierre Summary

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

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Pierre Glendinning is a young man who lives amid luxury and ease, the heir to vast estates that form the larger portion of two counties in New York State. His time is taken up with outdoor recreation, reading, and the courting of beautiful and well-to-do Lucy Tartan, a woman of whom Pierre’s mother approves completely. Mrs. Glendinning, who is jealous of her influence over her son, sees nothing to fear in quiet, nonaggressive Lucy Tartan.

One evening, however, a strange incident occurs when Mrs. Glendinning and Pierre visit a sewing bee in a nearby home. One of the women there shrieks and faints when she sees Pierre. The incident bothers the young man, but he is totally unprepared for a note he receives from the young woman a short time later. In the note, she requests that Pierre visit her in the evening at the farm where she is employed. Pierre, disturbed by the mystery involved, goes to the farm and discovers that the woman, Isabel, is his half sister, the illegitimate child of his father and a Frenchwoman. Pierre resolves immediately to acknowledge Isabel as his sister, but the question of how to accomplish the acknowledgment is a weighty one.

At first, Pierre intends to tell his mother of his discovery, but his mother’s attitude toward Delly Ulver, a farm woman who had been born an illegitimate child, warns Pierre that he can expect no sympathetic understanding from Mrs. Glendinning. He next thinks of approaching his minister for help with his problem, but the minister follows his mother’s opinion, which causes Pierre to fall back on his own thinking. He also realizes that his mother cannot bear to have her husband proven to be an adulterer, nor can he bring himself to dishonor his father’s name. The only road that seems open to Pierre is to acknowledge Isabel by making her his wife rather than his sister.

When Pierre tells his mother that he has been married secretly, she orders him to leave the house immediately. Disowned and cast forth from his mother’s affections, he also tells Lucy Tartan that he has married another woman. His story throws Lucy into an almost fatal illness.

Having been disowned by his family, Pierre takes Isabel from her home at the farm and goes to New York City. They are accompanied by Delly Ulver, whom Pierre has decided to help. Although he announced that he and Isabel had been married, Pierre and his half sister entered into no such union; the announcement is only a means to permit them to live together. In New York City, they find life barren and difficult, for Pierre has only a small supply of money. He had hoped to find a haven for himself and the two women with his wealthy cousin, Glen Stanly, but the cousin refuses to recognize Pierre and throws him out of his home.

Forced to rely upon his own resources, Pierre resolves to become an author. He has, he believes, acquired quite a reputation by publishing some short poems and some essays in various periodicals. He also thinks he has great talent, sufficient, at least, to enable him to write a philosophical work. After much difficulty, he manages to find a publisher who agrees to take his unwritten novel and to advance him enough money to live. For months Pierre, struggling to write his great work, lives in three miserable, unheated rooms in a vast tenement, along with Isabel and Delly Ulver, who acts in the capacity of servant to them both.

One day, word comes to Pierre that his mother had died just a few weeks after he had left for New York City; her heir is Pierre’s cousin, Glen Stanly. The news makes Pierre very bitter, particularly when he discovers that his cousin is a suitor for the hand of Lucy Tartan, whom Pierre still loves dearly. Despite the feeling of utter helplessness that the news creates in his mind, Pierre keeps working on his book. Pierre is unable to keep Isabel from realizing that she is not alone in his affections, and the woman becomes jealous and dislikes the fact that another woman could claim his attentions and...

(The entire section is 1,135 words.)