As technology advances at a rapid pace, philosophical questions regarding the nature of humanity continue to arise as technology overtakes nature and begins to define how new iterations of humans will occur. One of the major points of philosophical discussion centers on genetically designed babies. This idea is the prediction that in the near future, parents will be able to choose specific traits and characteristics for their children. There are advantages to this in that certain diseases may be able to be removed from the human genome, but it also raises concerns in that parents may choose eye, hair, and skin color, which could further social inequalities.
Cybernetics describes the idea of the merging of technology and human flesh, especially in order to enhance communication skills. This could create a group of superhumans.
These two ideas undermine the idea of free will and reinforce the idea of determinism. Free will is the ability to choose between different courses of action. However, a combination of predisposed traits and enhanced, computer-like skills could impede one’s ability to learn and make choices. A natural human makes wrong choices and can learn from mistakes, which is important in the development process.
Determinism is the idea that events are influenced by a specific array of previous choices and events. With the merging of technology and humans, the possible outcomes of a human’s life are drastically reduced due to the decrease in free will. That means the trajectories of human lives will converge to a point where they are nearly identical, an outcome aligned with determinism.