Philosophy Further Reading

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Further Reading

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)

Allan, D. J. "The Shape of Wisdom." In The Philosophy of Aristotle, second edition, pp. 70-29. London: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Outlines the topics covered in Metaphysics, focusing on the nature of being.

Allen, Sister Prudence. "Aristotle." In The Concept of Woman: The Aristotelian Revolution; 750 B.C.-A.D. 1250, pp. 83-126. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1985.

Examines in detail the manner by which Aristotle develops, through several works including Metaphysics, the concept of sexual polarity.

Bambrough, Renford. "Aristotle on Justice: A Paradigm of Philosophy." In New Essays on Plato and Aristotle, edited by Renford Bambrough, pp. 159-74. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965.

Examines Aristotle's response to the criticism of his usage of the term "justice" to denote, in one sense, "justice-in-general," and in another sense, "virtue-in-general."

Burnyeat, M. F. "Aristotle on Learning to Be Good." In Essays on Aristotle's Ethics, edited by Amélie Oksenberg Rorty, pp. 69-92. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Attempts to "reconstruct Aristotle's picture of the good man's development over time," and studies as well the "weak-willed … man who knows the good but does not always achieve it in action."

Cooper, John M. "Moral Virtue and Human Flourishing." In Reason and Human Good in Aristotle, pp. 89-143. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975.

Argues that Aristotle's notion of "human flourishing" was meant to be a coherent theory, even though it is often regarded as a "set of disconnected remarks." Cooper provides a detailed analysis of the subject and attempts to account for the apparent inconsistencies within the theory as presented in Nicomachean Ethics.

Fortenbaugh, W. W. "Aristotle on Slaves and Women," in Articles on Aristotle: 2. Ethics and Politics, edited by Jonathan Barnes, Malcolm Schofield, and Richard Sorabji, pp. 135-39. London: Duckworth, 1977.

Examines Aristotle's views on the roles of women and slaves in society, as well as on the narture of their souls. Fortenbaugh demonstrates that Aristotle's political views on these subjects are supportred by his ethical and psychological theories regarding the varying abilites of women and slaves to deliberate.

Hintikka, K. Jaakko J. "Aristotle and the Ambiguity of Ambiguity." Inquiry 2, No. 3 (Autumn 1959): 137-51.

Maintains that Aristotle's "notion of ambiguity is not as unambiguous as one perhaps hopes." Hintikka explains that Aristotle differentiates between two types of "multiplicity of meaning": multiplicity of applications and "mere ambiguity," or homonymy.

Homiak, Marcia. "Feminism and Aristotle's Rational Ideal." In Feminism and Ancient Philosophy, edited by Julie K. Ward, pp. 118-37. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Asserts that despite the reputation of Aristotle's works as being derogatory toward women, in fact his view of the rational life, the life that offers the full measure of happiness, is "neither inherently masculine nor inherently exploitive."

Jaeger, Werner. "Aristotle's Place in History." In Aristotle, Fundamentals of the History of His Development, translated by Richard Robinson, pp. 368-406. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934.

Assesses the contributions and achievements of Aristotle in the areas of analytical thinking, science, metaphysics, the analysis of man, and the development of philosophy as the "universal science."

Reale, Giovanni. "The Basic Points of Contact between Plato and Aristotle: The Truthfulness of the 'Second Voyage'," and "The Basic Differences between Aristotle and Plato." In A History of Ancient Philosophy, Vol. 11. Plato and Aristotle, edited and translated by John R. Catan, pp. 253-58 and 259-61. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.

Maintains that a study of Aristotle's works must begin with an understanding of Aristotle's criticism of Plato within a historical and a philosophical perspective; summarizes the Platonic metaphysical issues which Aristotle reinterpreted and elaborated on; notes aspects of metaphysical thought newly developed by Aristotle (not found in Plato); and traces the points of metaphysical opposition between Plato and Aristotle.