Last Updated on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 161
The Phenomenology of the Social World by Alfred Schutz, first published in 1932, is a philosophical work. Therefore, the book in question does not contain characters in the sense that a work of fiction does. The personalities and figures contained within The Phenomenology of the Social World appear in the service of the author's philosophical argument, but not as "characters." A character is a literary term referring to a person, being, animal, or thing that appears in a story.
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Alfred Schutz (1899-1959) was an Austrian philosopher who has been praised as one of the leading philosophers of the social sciences. The philosophy of social sciences refers to the study of the logic behind disciplines such as economics and political sciences (as opposed to the natural sciences). Schutz was mainly concerned with questions concerning human action and the nature of reality, and sought to tease out the resonance between sociological and phenomenological traditions, often citing the work of Max Weber and Edmund Husserl.