The Persian Gulf War

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What caused the Persian Gulf War?

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The Persian Gulf War began in August 1990. Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2. There was a dispute over an oil well that was near the Iraq-Kuwait border. Iraq felt the oil well belonged to Iraq while Kuwait felt it belonged to Kuwait. Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, made all sorts of demands and accusations as he increased troops along the Iraq-Kuwait border. After negotiations, led by Egypt, failed to resolve the dispute, Iraq invaded Kuwait.

Iraq didn’t expect there to be a big response to its action. However, the United Nations got involved and created a multi-national military force that led an invasion in January 1991. This force was successful in driving Iraq out of Kuwait. In the agreement ending the fighting, Iraq recognized Kuwait’s independence and agreed to destroy any weapons of mass destruction that it had.

The Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991 was a failure for Iraq.

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