The Persian Gulf War

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What is the background, duration, leaders, casualties, location, and impact of the Persian Gulf War?

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I assume that you are talking about the Persian Gulf War that happened in 1991.  This was a war that happened in Kuwait and Iraq.  It was fought between Iraq on the one side and a coalition led by the United States on the other.  The main leaders were Saddam Hussein who was then the dictator of Iraq and George Bush (the father of the later President George Bush) on the other.

The war came about because Iraq invaded and took Kuwait in August of 1990.  The Iraqis claimed that Kuwait was a part of their territory, historically speaking.  The US gathered troops in Saudi Arabia and, after bombing Iraq for a while (January 17 to Feb. 23, 1991), conducted a brief land campaign (about 5 days) that drove Iraq out of Kuwait.

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