Percy Bysshe Shelley

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What is the theme and tone of Percy Shelley's "Love's Philosophy"?

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The theme of Shelley's 1820 poem is the phenomenon of unrequited love.  

In the first stanza, the speaker observes that in the natural world, specifically in the elements of water and air, there is no meaningful separation. He extrapolates this idea to a divine plan for everything in existence...

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to have a counterpart.

In the second stanza, he employs further exemplification from nature, observing connections between earth and sky, waves in the sea, and flowers.

Each stanza ends with a rhetorical question that essentially asks the same thing: why won't you be with me?

The poem's tone is playful and imploring. The speaker tries to impress his beloved with lofty language and analogies that contain some amusing logical fallacies, but he does put a direct question to her--twice.

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The theme and tone of the poem "Love's Philososphy" by Percy Shelley are two separate, but linked, concepts. The themes of the poem are rejection, love, union and disappointment as they can be beautifully represented through Nature. Because of the themes (particularly rejection and disappointentment in love) the poem has a poignant plaintiff air - the poet feels rejected, hurt and hard done by. Shelley feels he is the victim in this situation and the love he feels for another is unwanted and unrequited. The poem is reminiscent of John Donne's "The Flea" where the conceit is to argue for loving physical union by pointing out that the lovers' blood is already one - united in the body of the flea. Here though, Shelley uses images from Nature (winds and seas uniting) to make his point to his love.

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The theme of this poem is love.  Specifically, it is a poem in which the speaker is trying to persuade someone else to be in love with him and kiss him.  He is asking her why she should not love him, kiss him etc, given how just about everything else in the world kisses and mingles with each other.

The tone of this poem is quite light.  It is not a very somber or serious poem.  The speaker seems to be teasing the person he is addressing rather than begging her, in my opinion.

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