Is Paul in "Paul's Case" a static or a developing character? If developing, when does he change?

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I would argue that Paul is a static character in that he doesn't really change throughout the course of the story. From first to last, he remains trapped in a fantasy world of his own making. He's obsessed with leading the kind of opulent lifestyle of the Pittsburgh social elite he so much admires. But he's unwilling to do anything practical that might actually make his dreams of wealth and comfort come true. He much prefers the easier option of stealing money from his employer. After this, he runs off to New York, where he briefly indulges his fantasy of living as a wealthy young man about town.

Although Paul is in a different city and living a completely different lifestyle, his character hasn't really changed. He's still an incorrigible fantasist, living in the same old fantasy world. And even his final epiphany, as he stands by the railroad track ready to end his own life, doesn't represent a change of character as such. He's still a hopeless fantasist; it's just that now he realizes that, with all his money gone, and with the police on his tail, all hopes of living out his fantasies have now been well and truly dashed.

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Considering that the character of Paul in Willa Cather's Paul's Case is, as the whole title states A Study in Temperament, it is implied that his behavior has either changed all of a sudden, or has changed and remained in a certain manner. This manner is what serves as the focus of the study.

We know that Paul is a misfit. He cannot adapt to his surroundings and has lived his life in denial of his reality. The story does not readily tell us when exactly Paul's dissatisfaction with life begins, but it is arguable that this is a gradual change that only gets more and more intense. So intense, indeed, that it ends with Paul's suicide.

This being said, Paul arguably is a dynamic character because he changes with his circumstances. Since Paul's case is so unique, however, we can see that the changes occur within a very defined scenario from Cordelia Street to the Waldorf Astoria: The transformation from Paul, the private school boy, into Paul, the dandy.

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