Paul Hamilton Hayne Criticism - Essay

F. V. N. Painter (essay date 1903)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Paul Hamilton Hayne,” in Poets of the South: A Series of Biographical and Critical Studies with Typical Poems, Annotated, American Book Company, 1903, pp. 49‐64.

[In the following essay, Painter provides a brief overview of Hayne's writing.]

The poetry of Paul Hamilton Hayne is characterized by a singular delicacy of sentiment and expression. There is an utter absence of what is gross or commonplace. His poetry, as a whole, carries with it an atmosphere of high‐bred refinement. We recognize at once fineness of fiber and of culture. It could not well be otherwise; for the poet traced the line of his ancestors to the cultured nobility of England, and,...

(The entire section is 3538 words.)

Kate Harbes Becker (essay date 1951)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Paul Hamilton Hayne: Life and Letters, The Outline Company, 1951, pp. 70‐4.

[In the following excerpt, Becker discusses Hayne's sonnets and presents illustrative examples of his poetry.]

Paul Hamilton Hayne is sometimes called the Longfellow of the American sonnet. The title is extravagant, of course, for Henry Wadsworth Longfellow will always remain supreme as America's sonneteer. Hayne's contribution to this poetic form was a hundred and fifty sonnets, a number equalled by no other American poet. Sharpe included seven of his sonnets in his Anthology, but called him, “the impassioned but too regardlessly profuse singer of the South.” Undoubtedly his rank...

(The entire section is 1267 words.)

Jay B. Hubbell (essay date 1954)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Paul Hamilton Hayne,” in The South in American Literature: 1607‐1900, Duke University Press, 1954, pp. 743‐57.

[In the following essay, Hubbell examines Hayne's role in negotiating the literary transition between the Old and New South.]

Paul Hamilton Hayne (1830‐1886) is an important literary link between the Old South and the New. He was the intimate friend of Simms, Timrod, Grayson, and John R. Thompson; but, unlike these men, he lived long enough to witness the rise of Lanier, Cable, Harris, and other writers of the younger generation. When Simms died in 1870, Hayne inherited his position as chief literary representative of the South. Few of the...

(The entire section is 6642 words.)

Claude R. Flory (essay date 1962)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Paul Hamilton Hayne and the New South,” in The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. XLVI, 1962, pp. 388‐94.

[In the following essay, Flory refutes the theory that Hayne had no enthusiasm for the New South.]

It has become almost a convention in the discussion of Southern literature to assume, if not emphasize, that Paul Hamilton Hayne had no enthusiasm for the New South.1 This point of view should perhaps be subjected to re‐examination in the light of two observations: first, most of the letters and poems cited in support of it were written before 1880; second, Hayne's longest and most detailed poem on the subject—“The Exposition Ode”...

(The entire section is 2194 words.)

Rayburn S. Moore (essay date 1969)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Hayne the Poet: A New Look,” in South Carolina Review, Vol. II, November, 1969, pp. 4‐13.

[In the following essay, Moore defends the quality of Hayne's poetry, focusing on his use of detail and observation.]

Paul Hamilton Hayne belonged to a prominent South Carolina family, several members of which had made important contributions to the history of the state. One of these, Robert Y. Hayne, Daniel Webster's redoubtable opponent in the famous Senate debate on Nullification in 1830, was Paul Hayne's uncle and guardian. Born in the year of the great debate and reared in Charleston, educated in a well‐known private school and at the College of Charleston,...

(The entire section is 3405 words.)

L. Moody Simms Jr. (essay date 1970‐71)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Paul Hamilton Hayne's Methods of Poetic Composition,” in Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Culture, Vol. 24, No. 1, Winter, 1970‐71, pp. 57‐62.

[In the following essay, Simms presents Hayne's son's observations of his father's literary practices.]

To present‐day students of Southern literature, Paul Hamilton Hayne is important primarily because he represents a link between two literary traditions, those of the Old South and the New, and two other prominent Southern poets, William Gilmore Simms and Sidney Lanier. Critics are in general agreement that Hayne himself wrote too much—biographies, essays, and poems that simply echoed the...

(The entire section is 2087 words.)

Rayburn S. Moore (essay date 1972)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Legends and Lyrics, 1872,” in Paul Hamilton Hayne, Twayne, 1972, pp. 56‐83.

[In the following essay, Moore presents an analysis of Legends and Lyrics.]

In 1864 Hayne made a selection from his poems, and, in the summer of that year, he put the package on a steamer headed for Liverpool; however, Hayne's book presumably failed to arrive in England.1 After the war he continued to plan to bring out a new collection of his verse. In answer to a query about his “Literary projects” from his old friend John Esten Cooke, the Virginia romancer, Hayne wrote on July 24, 1866, that he had a “goodly pile of MSS. (with one long poem to head...

(The entire section is 10072 words.)

Rayburn S. Moore (essay date 1973)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: “Paul Hamilton Hayne and Northern Magazines, 1866‐1886,” in Essays Mostly on Periodical Publishing in America, edited by James Woodress, Duke University Press, 1973, pp. 134‐47.

[In the following essay, Moore traces Hayne's mixed relationship with various Northern magazines of his day.]

Shortly after the end of the Civil War, Paul Hamilton Hayne (1830‐1886), poet, editor, and a lifelong resident of Charleston, South Carolina, left his ruined home, went to Augusta, Georgia, and took a job on the Constitutionalist, a local newspaper. Discovering after a few months that his frail constitution could not stand the ten‐hour day, Hayne resigned,...

(The entire section is 5294 words.)