Leroy J. Benoit (essay date 1951)
SOURCE: Benoit, Leroy J. “Poetic Themes of Paul Eluard.” Modern Language Quarterly 12, no. 2 (June, 1951): 216-29.
[In the following essay, Benoit provides an overview of central themes of Eluard's poetry during various phases of his life and career.]
The school of surrealism arising in 1924 between two conflicting poetic traditions, namely, the school of les voyants (Saint-Pol-Roux and Lautréamont) and the inspired mysticism of Claudel and Valéry, sought to bring its own measure of balance. Drawing its code from André Breton's Manifeste du surréalisme, it emphasized the application of literary formulas based upon a cooperative work collated from...
(The entire section is 5448 words.)