Other literary forms
After publishing three books of poetry, Paul Beatty (BAY-tee) turned to fiction, becoming widely known as a novelist. His novels, The White Boy Shuffle (1996), Tuff (2000), and Slumberland (2008), are comedic satires that address the complexities of African American and mainstream American culture at the turn of the millennium. Like his poetry, Beatty’s novels are praised for their urban lyricism, quick wit, and wide-reaching social commentary. Beatty has also published an eclectic and controversial collection of African American humor entitled Hokum: An Anthology of African American Humor (2006).