Patterns Lesson Plans
by Amy Lowell

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Patterns Metaphor Activity

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Excerpt From This Document

This activity gives students an opportunity to practice examining and analyzing metaphors. Metaphors express images, emotions, actions, experiences, and nuances through direct and indirect comparisons, allowing readers to access deeper levels of meaning in the text. In this activity, students will classify and analyze different kinds of metaphors in order to develop close reading skills and draw inferences from the text.

From the very first stanza, Amy Lowell’s 1916 poem “Patterns” develops a metaphor that runs throughout. As the narrator wanders through a garden thinking of her lover, her restrictive dress and the stifling social conventions of her milieu confine her life to a specific pattern. She resents these forces, frustrated that the liberation she longs for is forever denied her by the death of her lover. Lowell’s use of rich, descriptive metaphors powerfully evoke and expound upon her narrator’s feelings and frustrations.

Skills: analysis, drawing inferences from text, close reading, identifying the relationship between words

Learning Objectives:
In completing this activity, students will

  • examine metaphors in a text;
  • classify metaphors in a text as direct and indirect;
  • analyze metaphors by focusing on the two things being compared and interpreting how one of them is described through the comparison.

About this Document

Our eNotes Classroom Activities give students opportunities to practice developing a variety of skills. Whether analyzing literary devices or interpreting connotative language, students will work directly with the text. The main components of our classroom activities include the following:

  • A handout defining the literary elements under discussion, complete with examples
  • A step-by-step guide to activity procedure
  • An answer key or selected examples for reference, depending on the activity

In completing these classroom activities, students will be able to classify and analyze different literary elements, thereby developing close-reading skills and drawing deeper inferences from the text.