Patients Are People like Us
Dr. Henri Baruk is a French psychiatrist of international repute. In 1931, he became director of Charenton, France’s venerable national mental hospital whose most famous inmate had been the Marquis de Sade. His predecessors had looked upon this post as a steppingstone to less demanding and more prestigious positions, but he remained for thirty years, even through the Nazi occupation which required that he wear an armband marking him as a Jew.
During his early years at Charenton, Baruk pioneered reforms in the administration of mental hospitals, making Charenton a living example of progressive methods. When he arrived, he found the less tractable patients chained to their beds, mistreatment of patients commonplace, and alcohol readily available to staff and inmates alike. It took him three years not only to correct such practices but to create a climate of positive pride and compassion so that such abuses would not readily reoccur.
Next he established a research laboratory at Charenton. The work done there constituted the beginnings of a revolutionary reorientation in psychiatry. He and his colleagues demonstrated that certain conditions heretofore considered mental illnesses were caused by physical disorders. He isolated specific toxins released in the bloodstream by such conditions as gall stones or coliform infections which could cause catatonia and hysteria. Chemical antidotes such at lithium and scopochloralose were developed which could neutralize these toxins, and thus “cure” mental patients formerly considered hopeless. Diagnosed cases of incurable hysteria were healed in a day. It was indeed a revolution.
With less success, Dr. Baruk early entered the legal arena, attacking laws which could be easily used to circumvent the rights of the mentally ill. Upon release, for example, former patients might find they no longer had any property, possessions, or cash. Patients Are People Like Us contains many uncomfortable accounts of perfectly sound individuals committed by unscrupulous families and spouses for their own ends. Today, at the age of eighty-two, the author continues to fight for just and precise laws on the legal definition of mental illness, as well as for fair processes by which a declaration of insanity can be obtained. Paradoxically, Baruk has found that the biggest stumbling blocks to righting instances of such injustice are the guardians of law and order, from policemen through judges, who argue that it would be detrimental to society to admit their mistakes, since it might cause a loss of public confidence in the law.
Baruk believes that the fundamental truth about man is that he is a mysteriously integrated entity. The body, the conscience, the emotions, the will, and...
(The entire section is 1124 words.)