Pat Conroy Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Donald Patrick Conroy was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the eldest of seven children. His father, Donald Conroy, was a marine pilot and expected Donald Patrick to become a fighter pilot. When Conroy enrolled in a typing class in high school, his father demanded he take physics instead because pilots did not need to know how to type. Conroy’s mother, Francis Dorothy Conroy, groomed him to become a southern gentleman. She envisioned him as Ashley Wilkes, a character from her favorite novel, Gone with the Wind (1936) by Margaret Mitchell. Instead, he would become a popular southern writer of autobiographical novels. He has said that “one of the greatest gifts you can get as a writer is to be born into an unhappy family,” and he attributes his success to this very gift: “I could not have been born into a better one.”

A pivotal event in Conroy’s career as a writer occurred when his high school teacher Eugene Norris gave him a copy of Thomas Wolfe’s novel Look Homeward, Angel (1929) for his birthday. Norris also accompanied Conroy to Wolfe’s home in Asheville, North Carolina. Norris picked an apple, which Conroy ate, and spoke of the connection between life and art. Thomas Wolfe would become Conroy’s greatest literary influence, and his own life would become the source of all of his writing.

Because of his father’s insistence, Conroy attended the Citadel, a military college in South Carolina, on a basketball scholarship. Though unhappy with the school’s manner of discipline, he stayed there to avoid disappointing his father, who was physically and emotionally abusive. The Boo and The Lords of Discipline are both based on his experience there. After completing a B.A. in English, he returned to Beaufort High School, from which he had graduated four years earlier, to teach English and write fiction in his spare time.

He then moved to Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, to teach disadvantaged black children. Some of these children did not even know the letters of the alphabet, and some thought that the earth was...

(The entire section is 853 words.)


(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Pat Conroy was born Donald Patrick Conroy in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1945. His father, Donald Conroy, was a U.S. Marine Corps fighter pilot, so Conroy lived in many places around the United States as a child. The details of Conroy’s life are well known from his repeated autobiographical uses of them in his novels, particularly The Great Santini and The Lords of Discipline. His father, though an outstanding pilot and officer who served with distinction in three wars, was extremely volatile. His mother, Frances “Peg” Peck of Atlanta, is credited by Conroy as a source of literary inspiration. Unfortunately, she did little to protect the young Conroy and his six younger siblings from the physical and emotional abuse of their father. Apparently, she played an active part in hiding this cruelty from those outside the immediate family. The concurrent difficulties of constantly moving and dealing with his terrifying home life led Conroy to develop mental and emotional problems that are detailed in his books; his experiences growing up also contributed to his two divorces and several emotional breakdowns.

Conroy graduated from Beaufort High School in 1963 and attended The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina, on a basketball scholarship. His love-hate relationship with this college is explored in The Lords of Discipline and also in My Losing Season, which follows his final year as a Citadel athlete. While there, he began...

(The entire section is 458 words.)