A Passage to India

by E. M. Forster

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What is the significance of hot weather in A Passage to India?

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The narrative of the novel unfolds according to the different seasons and their corresponding weather conditions. The first section of the novel, "Mosque", is dominated by cool weather and its general mood is one of balance and peace, although we may already get hints that tragedy is looming large on the characters. The second section of the book, "Caves", is the one associated with the hot weather, "herald of horrors," and during which the sun is described as powerful but without beauty. The hot weather is therefore linked to the incident of the Marabar caves with the irruption of irrationality (Mrs Moore's fear of the echo) and conflict (the trial of Dr Aziz following Adela's accusations) in the novel. Finally, the third part, "Temple", is set in the rainy season and represents the characters' efforts at reconciliation and rebirth.

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