Paradise Lost "Confusion Worse Confounded"

John Milton

"Confusion Worse Confounded"

Context: Satan escapes from Hell and seeks to find the newly created universe that had been rumored in Heaven before the angels' rebellion. Passing through Chaos, he arrives at a pavilion where sit enthroned the personifications of Chaos, Night, Orcus, Ades, Demogorgon, Rumor, Chance, Tumult, Confusion, and Discord. Satan asks how to reach Heaven or the newly created universe, saying he seeks not to disturb Chaos' realm. Chaos recognizes him and tells him of the new creation hanging from Heaven by a golden chain. His remarks to Satan begin:

"I know thee, stranger, who thou art,
That mighty leading angel, who of late
Made head against heaven's king, though overthrown.
I saw and heard, for such a numerous host
Fled not in silence through the frighted deep
With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,
Confusion worse confounded; and heaven gates
Poured out by millions her victorious bands
Pursuing."