(Society and Self, Critical Representations in Literature)

Palimpsest: A Memoir chronicles the first thirty-nine years in the life of its author. As the title indicates, the book reads like a manuscript with more than one layer of text. Repeatedly the memoirist abridges his own narrative to insert another’s biographical account of the same event, only to return again to his own admittedly imperfect recollections. The book is, therefore, a retelling of the author’s early life through the use of personal material superimposed over the public and private memories of others.

Through his novels, plays, and essays, Vidal has established a reputation as a major social critic, and as Palimpsest makes clear, his position stems from a double perspective. Gore Vidal is an insider by birth but an outsider by sexual preference. On one hand, his grandfather was a powerful senator from Oklahoma; his father was the director of the Department of Air Commerce under Franklin D. Roosevelt; and he shared with Jacqueline Kennedy the same wealthy stepfather. On the other hand, his avowed bisexuality and, in particular, the homoerotic content of his novel The City and the Pillar (1948) caused him, by his own assertion, to be blackballed by the literary establishment and relegated to writing for such popular media as television and the movies. Thus, Vidal by birth is connected to many of the most important figures in modern American politics; yet, as a result of his sexual status, he serves as observer...

(The entire section is 440 words.)