Other Literary Forms
Ovid survives in his poetry (his tragedy Medea is lost), the most important of which, in probable order of composition, are: Amores (c. 20 b.c.e.; English translation, 1597); Heroides (before 8 c.e.; English translation, 1567), a collection of fifteen imaginary letters from heroic women to their lovers, a form Ovid claimed to have invented; Ars amatoria (c. 2 b.c.e.; Art of Love, 1612), a tongue-in-cheek manual for philanderers; Remedia amoris (before 8 c.e.; Cure for Love, 1600), the companion poem to Ars amatoria, with “cures” for excessive passions; Metamorphoses, Fasti (c. 8 c.e.; English translation, 1859), which deals with the origins of and the legends associated with the first six months of the calendar of Roman festivals; and two collections of verse letters from exile, Tristia (after 8 c.e.; Sorrows, 1859) and Epistulae ex Ponto (after 8 c.e.; Letters from the Black Sea, 1639). All Ovid’s poetry except the Metamorphoses are in elegiac meter.