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Daly, Jay. Presenting S. E. Hinton. Boston: Twayne, 1989.


Donelson, Kenneth L., and Alleen Pace Nilsen. Literature for Today’s Young Adults. 3d ed. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman, 1989.


Mills, Randall K. “The Novels of S. E. Hinton: Springboard to Personal Growth for Adolescents.” Adolescence 22 (Fall, 1987): 641–646.


Stanek, Lou Willett. A Teacher’s Guide to the Paperback Editions of the Novels of S. E. Hinton. New York: Dell, 1975.

For Further Reference

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Commire, Anne, ed. Something about the Author. Vol. 19. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. Contains biographical information as well as some critical analysis of Hinton’s work.

De Montreville, Doris, and Elizabeth D. Crawford, eds. Fourth Book of Junior Authors. New York: H. W. Wilson, 1978. Contains an analysis of Hinton’s career up to 1978 and lists awards received.

Hinton, S. E. “Face to Face with a Teen-Age Novelist.” Seventeen (October 1967): 133. Hinton talks about herself and her writing. Parts of this article are reprinted in Commire.

“Teen-Agers Are for Real.” New York Times Book Review (August 27, 1967): 26–29. More Hinton on Hinton and on young adult literature.

Kirkpatrick, D. L., ed. Twentieth-Century Children’s Writers. New York: St. Martin’s, 1978. An overview of Hinton’s writing career to 1978, with analysis of her themes and characters.

Locher, Frances Carol, ed. Contemporary Authors. Vols. 81–84. Detroit: Gale Research, 1979. A brief overview of Hinton’s work.

Robin, Lisa. “The Young and the Restless.” In Media and Methods (May/June 1982): 28, 45. Focuses on Tex. Includes a teacher’s guide to The Outsiders, Tex, Rumble Fish, and That Was Then, This Is Now that offers many useful discussion questions.

Senick, Gerard J., ed. Children’s Literature Review. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale Research, 1978. Contains commentary by Hinton and excerpts from various pieces of criticism of Hinton’s works.

Stine, Jean C., and Daniel G. Marowski, eds. Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 30. Detroit: Gale Research, 1984. Excerpts from criticism of Hinton’s works.

Bibliography and Further Reading

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May Hill Arbuthnot, in her Children’s Reading in the Home, Scott, Foresman, 1969, pp. 174-75.

Aidan Chambers, review of The Outsiders, Children’s Book News, Vol. 5, No. 6, November–December, 1970, p. 280.

Jay Daly, in his Presenting S. E. Hinton, Twayne Publishers, 1987.

Thomas Fleming, a review of The Outsiders, in the New York Times Book Review, Part H, May 7, 1967, pp. 10, 12.

Lillian V. Gerhardt, a review of The Outsiders, in the School Library Journal, Vol. 13, No. 9, May, 1967, pp. 64–65.

Alethea K. Helbig and Agnes Regan Perkins, “The Outsiders,” in their Dictionary of American Children’s Fiction, 1960–1984 - Recent Books of Recognized Merit, Greenwood Press, 1986, pp. 495-96.

Nat Hentoff, a review of The Outsiders, in the Atlantic Monthly, December, 1967, pp. 401–402.

Susan Eloise Hinton, “Teen Agers Are for Real,” New York Times Book Review, August, 1967, pp. 26–29.

William Jay Jacobs, “Reading the Unreached,” Teachers College Record, Vol. 69, No. 2, November, 1967, pp. 201–202.

Michele Landsberg, “Growing Up,” in her Reading for the Love of It: Best Books for Young Readers, Prentice Hall Press, 1987, pp. 201–28.

Michael Malone, “Tough Puppies,” in the Nation, Vol. 242, No. 9, March 8, 1986, pp. 276–78, 280.

Review of The Outsiders, in the Times Literary Supplement, October 30, 1970, p. 1258.

Cynthia Rose, “Rebels Redux: The Fiction of S. E. Hinton,” in Monthly Film Bulletin, Vol. 50, No. 596, September, 1983, pp. 238–39.

John S. Simmons, “A Look Inside a Landmark: The Outsiders,” in Censored Books: Critical Viewpoints, edited by Nicholas J. Karolides, Lee Burress, and John M. Kean, The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1993.

For Further Reading

David Ansen, “Coppola Courts...

(This entire section contains 516 words.)

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the Kiddies,”Newsweek, April 4, 1983, p. 74.

A review, mostly negative in tone, of Francis Ford Coppola's film version of The Outsiders.

Children’s Literature Review, Volume 23, Gale, 1991, pp. 132–50.

A collection of interviews, articles, and reviews on Hinton and her works.

Nicholas Emler and Stephen Reicher, Adolescence and Delinquency: The Collective Management of Reputation, Blackwell, 1995.

After examining the theoretical perspectives on juvenile delinquency by sociology and psychology and dismissing them as based on nineteenth-century thinking, Emler and Reicher ask questions about the context of delinquent behavior in terms of social dynamics. Their questioning leads them to an analysis of identity construction as pursuit or avoidance of delinquent behavior. Finally, they offer solutions through a notion of “reputation management.”

Stephen Farber, “Directors Join the S. E. Hinton Fan Club,” New York Times, March 20, 1983, Section 2, Page 19, Column 2.

An article which tries to account for the sudden appeal of Hinton’s books as sources for movie ideas, including quotes from Francis Ford Coppola and Hinton herself.

Randall K. Mills, “The Novels of S. E. Hinton Springboard to Personal Growth for Adolescents,” in Adolescence, Vol. XXII, No. 87, Fall, 1987, pp. 641–46.

An article which examines how teachers may use Hinton’s novels to help students explore issues of personal growth.

Wayne S. Wooden, Renegade Kids: Suburban Outlaws From Youth Culture to Delinquency (The Wadsworth Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice), Wadsworth Publishing/ITP, 1994.

Wooden’s book is full of qualitative research into youth culture and teen social groups of suburban Los Angeles and is very accessible to students interested in sociology. He investigates everything from “mall rats” to violent “gangbangers” and skinheads to try to understand what makes “good kids” turn “renegade.”

Media Adaptations

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The Outsiders was made into a film starring C. Thomas Howell, Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio, Patrick Swayze, Rob Lowe, Diane Lane, Tom Cruise, and Emilio Estevez. The 1983 Warner Brothers film, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, was a huge success and remains a popular film.

Fox-TV adapted the novel as a television series in 1990.

The Outsiders was also made into a filmstrip with cassette in 1978 by Current Affairs/Mark Twain Media, and as an audiocassette for Random House, 1993.


Historical and Social Context