Baldwin, James. The Price of the Ticket: Collected Nonfiction, 1948-1985. New York: St. Martin’s Press/Marek, 1985. The essays “Everybody’s Protest Novel” and “Alas, Poor Richard” provide important and provocative insights into Wright and his art.
Brignano, Russell Carl. Richard Wright: An Introduction to the Man and His Works. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1970. Claims that The Outsider gained attention because of interest in existentialist philosophy and literature, but that in fact the book, like Wright’s late nonfiction, argues for reasoned cooperation in the creation of peaceful and free societies.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Richard Wright. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. Essays on various aspects of Wright’s work and career, with an introduction by Bloom.
Davis, Allison. Leadership, Love, and Aggression. San Diego, Calif.: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1983. This psychological study of Wright’s personality and life, especially the childhood traumas caused by his “sadistic maternal family,” illuminates many motifs in his fiction.
Fabre, Michel. The Unfinished Quest of Richard Wright. Translated by Isabel Barzun. 2d ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993. Places The Outsider in the context of Wright’s evolution from Marxism to existentialism, then discusses his critique of the latter as he turned his attention to the human potential that...
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