Our Friend Manso Summary
by Benito PérezGaldós

Start Your Free Trial

Download Our Friend Manso Study Guide

Subscribe Now

Our Friend Manso Summary

In Our Friend Manso by Benito Pérez Galdos (Columbia University Press, 1987) was first published in 1882. The narrator, Maximo Manso, claims that he does not exist. He is a philosophy professor in Madrid whose neighbor, Dona Javiera, invites him to tutor her son, Manuel. Manuel demonstrates a unique ability for oratory, though he is not a flawless student. Manso enjoys working with him and admires his enthusiasm and spirit.

Another neighbor, Dona Candida, is a pretentious woman who was friends with the narrator’s late mother. Manso obliges her with money, which he gives to her niece, Irene. Irene is young and charming, and she seems to take an interest in Manso’s literature. Manso also gives her candies when she visits. When Irene grows up, she enters a teacher’s institute. Meanwhile, Manso’s pupil Manuel briefly courts a wealthy girl.

Eventually, Manso’s brother, Jose Maria, arrives from Cuba with his family, which includes his wife, Lica, his three children, and several servants. His large and overwhelming family disrupts Manso’s quiet life. Jose Maria takes Irene, who becomes a governess in his household, as a lover. He also conducts a successful political campaign and wins an election to Congress as a representative from Cuba.

Rather suddenly, Irene’s aunt, Dona Candida, states that she is moving into a nicer home with Irene, as a result of the former having come into money. Manso suspects the truth: that his brother is paying for Irene’s new apartment. When Manso reveals that he knows this, his brother relents. Meanwhile, Manso himself has developed an attachment to Irene, only to realize that she and his pupil, Manuel (now politically successful himself), are in love. Though Manso loves Irene, he advocates on her behalf to Dona Javiera (who resents Irene’s social status as a teacher). The two are married, with Manso’s blessing (as he realizes that Irene truly loves Manuel), and Manso dies, thus proving the novel’s opening line.


(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

Maximo Manso meets his neighbor, Dona Javiera de Pena, one night in the summer of 1878, when a fire alarm forces the residents to leave their building. Dona Javiera is a warm, expansive woman who owns a lucrative meat business. She takes an interest in Maximo and stops by his apartment often to talk or to bring him a cut of meat. A woman of low origins and little education, Dona Javiera is in awe of Maximo’s vast knowledge. He, in turn, is impressed with his neighbor’s perceptiveness and common sense.

Dona Javiera asks Maximo to take charge of the education of her twenty-one-year-old son, Manuel, whose indolence has his mother worried. Dona Javiera does not expect Manuel to become a scholar, but she would like him to receive a basic education in the humanities that would allow him to function in society. Maximo soon charms Manuel with conversations and excursions; the two become good friends and the boy makes excellent progress. Although he does not care for philosophy and never displays talent for writing, Manuel enjoys history and expresses himself well orally.

Dona Candida de Garcia Grande is another frequent visitor to Maximo’s apartment. Her husband, now deceased, had been a businessman and minor politician. With his death, Dona Candida fell into dire economic straits. Vain and pretentious, she talks constantly of her aristocratic friends and her property, while at the same time begging Maximo for handouts. Maximo, who feels obligated to the woman because of her former friendship with his deceased mother, gives her money. Often Dona Candida does not come in person but sends her orphaned niece Irene, who lives with her. Irene is a well-mannered child who shows interest in Maximo’s books, although the teacher soon realizes that her primary preoccupation is far more basic: food. Frequently, he gives her reading materials and candy, and on one occasion he buys her a pair of shoes. As time passes, Irene grows up and stops frequenting Maximo’s house. She enters a...

(The entire section is 1,220 words.)