Other Literary Forms
Oscar Wilde’s character and conversation were in themselves striking enough to gain for him the attention of the reading public, but in addition to playwriting, he practiced all the other literary forms. He began writing poetry at an early age, commemorating the death of his sister Isola with “Requiescat” in 1867 and winning the Newdigate Prize for Poetry at Oxford with Ravenna in 1878. Wilde’s Poems appeared in 1881; The Sphinx in 1894; and The Ballad of Reading Gaol, his last literary work, in 1898. His efforts in fiction include “The Canterville Ghost” (1887), which was made into a movie in 1943; The Happy Prince and Other Tales (1888); Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime and Other Stories (1891); A House of Pomegranates (1891); and his novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (serialized in Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine in 1890, published in book form in 1891). Oscar Wilde’s best-known essays and literary criticism appear in Intentions (1891). De Profundis, the long letter the imprisoned Wilde wrote to Lord Alfred Douglas, was published in 1905; his collected letters, edited by Rupert Hart-Davies, appeared in 1962.