Other Literary Forms
Osamu Dazai’s international fame is based largely on a short novel, Shay (1947; The Setting Sun, 1956). Translations also exist of a defensive fictional autobiography, Ningen shikkaku (1948; No Longer Human, 1958), and an equally personal travelogue, Tsugaru (1944; English translation, 1985; also as Return to Tsugaru: Travels of a Purple Tramp, 1985). Dazai published two plays as well as a number of essays, and like all Japanese authors, he experimented with the haiku. His total literary output is, with regard to genre, almost as versatile as it is prolific.