Last Updated on December 4, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 167
Critics have primarily read "Once Upon a Time" as a continuation of the ideas to which Gordimer has remained steadfastly committed. Much of Gordimer’s writing in the late-1980s to 1990s sought to highlight how white South Africa could work toward a post-apartheid future. For Gordimer, literature is an instrument that can help a society rooted in hypocrisy transform into one that is just, fair, and tolerant.
Thematically, “Once Upon a Time” is very reminiscent of her novella“Something Out There” in which a mysterious beast wreaks havoc and confusion in the suburbs of Johannesburg. In a review of the novella, Salman Rushdie suggests that one of Gordimer’s overriding themes is that “White South Africans have no need of dream-ogres: it is reality that they fear, and the something out there is the future.” Critics have seen this theme as recurrent in many of her works, “Once Upon a Time” in particular because its characters' internal fears constitute a greater threat than any external force.
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