Oliver La Farge Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Oliver Hazard Perry La Farge (luh-FAHRZH) was among the first American authors to portray Native American life and the culture of the Southwest in a favorable light. He was the second child of Christopher Grant La Farge, whose father, John La Farge, was a prominent American painter and art teacher, and his wife, Frances Bayard. La Farge’s father, a partner in an established New York architecture firm, had a strong interest in Native Americans and spent many of his free hours among them. On his mother’s side, he was the great-grandson of the American naval hero Oliver Hazard Perry. In 1920, after early schooling in New York and secondary studies at the Groton School, La Farge entered Harvard University, where he majored in anthropology.

At Harvard three important interests that were to shape his life emerged. During his undergraduate years La Farge established a firm foundation for anthropological research, beginning with an expedition to the Navajo reservation in Arizona in 1921, the first of three expeditions in which he participated while at Harvard. These trips brought him into contact with not only the remains of past civilizations but also contemporary Native American cultures in the Southwest and the Native Americans themselves. This was to become the dominant interest of his life. As a contributor to the Harvard Advocate and the Harvard Lampoon La Farge during this time became a disciplined writer of poetry, fiction, and essays; he also served on the editorial boards of both publications.

Initially it appeared that La Farge would become an academic anthropologist, for he completed his M.A. at Harvard in 1929, after taking part in expeditions to Central America sponsored by Tulane University. His publications on anthropology were sufficiently impressive to attract the favorable attention of Franz Boas. Yet his interests in the academic subject receded in the face of literary ambition and a growing preoccupation with Native American affairs.

The Harvard expedition to Arizona provided the background for his first and most important novel, Laughing Boy, which won the...

(The entire section is 875 words.)


(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Oliver Hazard Perry La Farge was born in New York City on December 19, 1901, the second of four children of Christopher Grant and Florence...

(The entire section is 590 words.)


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Gillis, Everett A. Oliver La Farge. Austin, Tex.: Steck-Vaughn, 1967. A short biography aimed at younger readers.

Hecht, Robert A. Oliver La Farge and the American Indian: A Biography. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1991. A biography that focuses on La Farge’s role as an advocate for Native Americans.

McNickle, D’Arcy. Indian Man: A Life of Oliver La Farge. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1971. An academic biography.

Pearce, T. M. Oliver La Farge. New York: Twayne, 1972. An introductory overview work, including biography, critical analysis, and bibliography.

Trump, Erik. “‘The Laying Aside of a Shield’: Ethnographic Power Struggles in Oliver La Farge’s Fiction.” American Indian Quarterly 22, no. 3 (Summer, 1998): 326-342. A study of the power relations within La Farge’s novels.