The Oedipus Trilogy Antigone Lines 1 – 376 Questions and Answers

Sophocles

Antigone Lines 1 – 376 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What are the family relationships of Antigone, Ismene, Polynices, Eteocles, Oedipus, Jocasta and Creon?

2. Why has Creon given an honorable burial to Eteocles but decreed that anyone doing the same for Polynices will be stoned to death?

3. How do Antigone and Ismene settle their differences?

4. What does Antigone say when Ismene promises to keep her secret?

5. What do we learn from the Chorus?

6. What is the underlying meaning of the speech the Leader of the Chorus delivers to Creon?

7. Why is the Sentry afraid to deliver his message?

8. How does Creon respond to the Sentry’s message?

9. In her first speech, how does Antigone describe her life?

10. How does Ismene answer her sister?

Answers
1. Antigone and Ismene are sisters, and Polynices and Eteocles are their brothers. Creon is their maternal uncle. The brothers and sisters are the children of Oedipus and Jocasta, who were mother and son.

2. Creon gives an honorable burial to Eteocles but decrees that anyone doing the same for Polynices will be stoned to death because Eteocles fought on Creon’s side in battle. Polynices was in the enemy camp.

3. Antigone and Ismene settle their differences with words and part as loving sisters. Their brothers fight with swords and armies and commit mutual murder.

4. Antigone says she wants everyone to know that she intends to honor her brother and the gods by performing the sacred burial rites.

5. The Chorus tells us the details of the battle in which the brothers kill each other.

6. The leader of the Chorus suggests that Creon is drunk with power and revenge and that the gods might be appalled by his refusal of burial rites to his nephew.

7. The Sentry is afraid to deliver his message because Creon’s rage is no secret.

8. Creon responds to the Sentry’s message by voicing a paranoid conspiracy theory.

9. In her first speech, Antigone says that her life is pain.

10. Ismene answers her sister by saying that the immediate future could bring better luck or utter ruin.