Essential Quotes by Theme: Fate
Essential Passage 1: Lines 1004-1010
Why should a person fear when the ways of fortune
are supreme, when there is no clear foresight? (1005)
It’s best to live at random, however one can.
Do not worry you will wed your mother,
for many mortals already have lain with
their mothers in dreams. Rather, the one for whom
these things are nothing bears life easiest. (1010)
Oedipus, having lived in fear of the prophecy that he will kill his father and marry his mother, has avoided his boyhood home of Corinth and the people he believes to be his parents: Polybus and Merope. A messenger arrives with both bad and good news. The bad news is that Polybus has died after a short illness. The good news is that the people of Corinth want Oedipus to be their king. Despite the grief at his father’s death, he is overjoyed that the prophecy has proved false. Jocasta states that it is chance, not fate, that rules human lives. No one can see ahead, so all prophecies are false. It is best to live for today rather than in obedience to the oracles of some priest or prophet.
Essential Passage 2: Lines 1376-1388
Let him die who took off the fierce fetters,
feeding off my feet, and rescued and saved
me from my death, no good deed for me!
For if I had died then,
I would not have brought (1380)
so much pain to my friends or me!
It is my wish, too, that it have been thus.
I’d not then be my father’s slayer,
nor called the groom of her whence I was born.
Abandoned by the gods, child of sacrilege, (1385)
sharing the source of those I myself sired.
Were some evil greater still than evil,
this, too, would be Oedipus’ lot.
Jocasta has committed...
(The entire section is 1053 words.)